Measurement of Insulation resistance
Appropriate Insulation Resistance between live parts and active accessible conductive parts is a basic safety parameter that protects against direct or indirect contact of the human body with mains voltage.
Insulation resistance between live parts, which prevents short circuits or leakage currents, is also important.
- If – Fault current
- Uc – Contact voltage
- Us – Voltage drop on floor and shoes resistance
- ZB – Impedance of human body
- RS – Floor and shoes resistance.
- RE – Earth resistance of active accessible conductive parts
- UF – Fault voltage.
Uf = Uc + Us = If ⋅ RE
Different insulation materials are used in different cases such as cables, connection elements, insulation elements in distribution cabinets, switches, outlets, housings etc. Regardless of the material used, the Insulation Resistance should be at least as high as that required by the regulations, this is why it must be measured.
|Title:||Measurements on electric installations in theory and practice – METREL|
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