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Handbook for electrical distribution and transmission fieldworkers

Handbook for electrical distribution and transmission fieldworkers
Handbook for electrical distribution and transmission fieldworkers (photo credit: ecmweb.com)

Fieldworkers

It is important electrical workers and fieldworkers to have a good working knowledge of the principles and theory of electricity so that they can work safely on electric lines and associated equipment. This is especially so because electricity cannot be seen and is only evident from the effects that can be experienced, (for example, light, heat and force).

Unfortunately this increases the risk of harm to people working on or using electric lines or associated equipment.

Electrical workers must use their training in electrical principles and theory to anticipate how electricity may flow and to ensure they work safely without causing harm to themselves or others.

High voltage overhead systems

The two systems most commonly used for transmission and distribution are:

  1. Single-phase
  2. Three-phase

High voltage single-phase system

This system is generally associated with the distribution of low power levels over relatively short distances. Single-phase systems are generally fed from a three-phase line.

Three-phase high voltage system with single-phase spur
Figure 1 – Three-phase high voltage system with single-phase spur

The single-phase line consists of two conductors, neither directly earthed to the general mass of earth. In this system there is no neutral conductor (see Figure 1).

It is usual to have the three-phase system earthed (at the neutral point of the transformer or generator supplying the system) either solidly or through some current limiting resistance (for safety and protection purposes). As the single-phase HV system is part of the three-phase HV system, each phase of the single-phase system has a de nite voltage to earth.

For safety reasons alone, it is important to remember that each phase is alive to earth and that a de nite voltage exists between each phase and the equipment connected to the ground.


High voltage three-phase system

This system is widely used for the transmission of high power levels and is also the standard system used in distribution and reticulation.

Representation of the three sine waves in a three-phase system
Figure 2 – Representation of the three sine waves in a three-phase system

It consists of three conductors, each called a “phase”. To standardise the identification of the phases, they are known as A, B and C phases or red, white and blue phases respectively. The voltage in each phase alternates, in a similar manner to the alternating voltage wave form but one follows the other in regular order (see Figure 2).

Title:Handbook for electrical distribution and transmission fieldworkers by Victorian Electricity Supply Industry (VESI)
Format:PDF
Size:4.00 MB
Pages:334
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Handbook for electrical distribution and transmission fieldworkers
Handbook for electrical distribution and transmission fieldworkers by Victorian Electricity Supply Industry (VESI)

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