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Convertible static compensator (CSC)
Convertible static compensator (CSC)

Control and Protection System

Today’s state-of-the-art HVDC and FACTS controls fully digitized and processor based allow steady-state, quasi steady-state, dynamic, and transient control actions and provide important equipment and system protection functions. Fault monitoring and sequence-of-event recording devices are used in most power electronics stations.

Typically, these stations are remotely controlled and offer full local controllability as well. Man-machine interfaces are highly computerized, with extensive supervision and control via monitor and keyboard. All of these functions exist in addition to the basic substation secondary systems.

HVDC control and protection algorithms are usually rather complex. Real power, reactive power, AC bus frequency and voltage, startup and shutdown sequences, contingency and fault recovery sequences, remedial action schemes, modulation schemes for system oscillation and SSR damping , and loss of communication are some of the significant control parameters and conditions.

Fast dynamic performance is standard.

Special voltage vs. current control characteristics are used for converters in multiterminal HVDC systems to allow safe operation even under loss of interstation communication.

Furthermore, HVDC controls provide equipment and system protection, including thyristor overcurrent, thyristor overheating, and DC line fault protection. Control and protection reliability are enhanced through redundant and fault tolerant design. HVDC stations can often be operated from different control centers.

Title:Electric Power Substations Engineering – J.D. MacDonald
Format:PDF
Size:24.6 Mb
Pages:303
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Electric Power Substations Engineering
Electric Power Substations Engineering

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8 Comments


  1. prem shankar
    Oct 19, 2016

    Very helpful for newcomers.


  2. unnati thakkar
    May 10, 2015

    What is environmental impacts on substation?? Plzzz reply fast its urgent !


  3. Shehab
    May 18, 2014

    Really awesome site! Very useful for electrical engineers!


  4. Surya Prakash
    Mar 11, 2014

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  5. Engr Tariq
    Oct 25, 2013

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  6. veeresha
    Jan 01, 2013

    Hi..
    I am unable to download this ” Electric Power Substations Engineering – J.D. MacDonald” as it is almost 25MB!!. can it be made lower size??


  7. muralipokhrel
    Sep 28, 2012

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  8. […] transformers of this size can be audible at distances of 305 m (1000 ft) or more. In urban areas, substations at 345 kV and above rarely have many complaints because of the large parcels of land on which they […]

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