What does IEEE say about ungrounded systems?
Ungrounded systems employ ground detectors to indicate a ground fault. These detectors show the existence of a ground on the system and identify the faulted phase, but do not locate the ground, which could be anywhere on the entire system.
A second ground fault occurring before the first fault is cleared will result in a phase-to-ground-to-phase fault, usually arcing, with a current magnitude large enough to do damage, but sometimes too small to activate overcurrent devices in time to prevent or minimize damage.
Ungrounded systems offer no advantage over high-resistance grounded systems in terms of continuity of service and have the disadvantages of transient over-voltages, locating the first fault and burndowns from a second ground fault. IEEE 242-2001 8.2.5
Why consider grounding your system?
If the ground fault is intermittent (arcing, restriking or vibrating), then severe overvoltages can occur on an ungrounded system.
The intermittent fault can cause the system voltage to ground to rise to six or eight times the phase-to-phase voltage leading to a breakdown of insulation on one of the unfaulted phases and the development of a phase-to-ground to-phase fault.
|Title:||Ground Fault Protection Technical Guide – Converting undergrounded systems to high resistance grounding|
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