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General structure of the private distribution network

Generally, with an HV power supply, a private distribution network comprises (see Figure 1-1):

Figure 1-1: Structure of a private distribution network
Figure 1-1: Structure of a private distribution network

  • An HV consumer substation fed by one or more sources and made up of one or more busbars and circuit-breakers;
  • An internal generation source;
  • One or more HV/MV transformers;
  • A main MV switchboard made up of one or more busbars;
  • An internal MV network feeding secondary switchboards or MV/LV substations;
  • MV loads;
  • MV/LV transformers;
  • Low voltage switchboards and networks;
  • Low voltage loads.

The supply source

The power supply of industrial networks can be LV, MV or HV. The voltage rating of the supply source depends on the consumer supply power. The greater the power required, the higher the voltage must be.


HV consumer substations

The most usual supply arrangements adopted in HV consumer substations are: Single power supply.

Advantage: – reduced cost.
Disadvantage: – low reliability.

Note: The isolators associated with the HV circuit-breakers have not been shown.

Title:Protection of Electrical Networks – Prévé, Christophe
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Protection of Electrical Networks
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Page edited by E.C. (Google).

One Comment


  1. RAJU NAIK
    Jul 28, 2015

    I AM INTERESTED TO LEARN MORE TO UPDATE AS AN ELECTRICAL ENGINEER to serve the society

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