A safety switch is a common type of enclosed switch. Safety switches are generally used for two purposes:
- As a disconnecting means for a service entrance
- As a disconnecting means and fault protection for motors
The enclosure provides a degree of protection to personnel against incidental contact with live electrical equipment. It also provides protection for the enclosed equipment against specific environmental conditions. Safety switches may consist of a switch only or may consist of a switch and fuses.
Safety switches can be used in any number of applications. The National Electrical Code® (NEC®), for example, requires that a disconnecting means shall be located in sight from the motor location and the driven machinery location (Article 430.102(B)). The NEC® defines “in sight” as visible and not more than 50 feet (15.24 m) distant (Article 100 – definitions).
Non-Fusible Safety Switch
A safety switch with no associated fuses is referred to as a non-fusible safety switch. A non-fusible safety switch has no circuit protection capability. It simply provides a convenient means to open and close a circuit.
Opening the circuit disconnects the load from its source of electrical power, and closing the circuit connects the load. Circuit protection must be provided by external overcurrent devices such as a circuit breaker or fuses. In the following illustration, power is supplied to a motor through a non-fusible safety switch and a separate fuse.
Fusible Safety Switch
A safety switch can be combined with fuses in a single enclosure. This is referred to as a fusible safety switch. The switch provides a convenient means to manually open and close the circuit, and the fuse provides overcurrent protection.
|Title:||Basics of Safety Switches – SIEMENS|
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