# Transformer Fault Current Calculation

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## Transformer Impedance

Transformer Impedance is measured in Percent Impedance, this is the percentage of rated primary voltage applied to the Transformer’s primary winding in order for the rated secondary Full Load Current to flow in the secondary winding (this test is preformed with the primary winding connected to a Variac or variable supply and the secondary winding shorted-out).

Transformer Impedance values may vary but typically Blakley Electrics transformers will be between 4 to 5% of primary Voltage.

Impedance Voltage Vz = ( Primary Volts V x Percent Impedance Z% ) / 100

### Transformer Maximum Fault Current Allowing for Loog Impedance

To calculate the Maximum Fault Current that can be achieved in a circuit fed by a transformer we refer to the below formula.

This formula calculates the loop impedance at the end ofa circuit fed from the secondary winding of a transformer. When calculating Fault Loop Impedance Select the Correct Transformer Type Above. Three Phase Transformers Divide the Values for Vs secondary Voltage by √3 and the VA by 3.

For Centre Tapped to Earth (C TE) transformers halve the values for Vs and VA . For RLV / 110V C TE Disconnection Times & Zs figures refer to BS 7671:2008, 411.8 Table 41.6.

 Software: Transformer Fault Current Calculation – Blakley Electrics Version: 2.0 Developer: BLAKLEY Electrics Size: 110kB Price: Free Downloads: Right here | Get Download Updates | Get Technical articles

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