PLC Application For Speed Control of AC Motors With VSD

PLC Application For Speed Control of AC Motors With VSD (on photo: Quadplex panel that controls four total pumps, two 25HP and two 50HP pumps controlled by corresponding variable frequency drives with filters. The 460V 3PH 4 wire 300A panel features a PLC based control system with back up floats and intrinisically safe barriers for level sensors. by D&B Custom Wiring)

AC Motor Drive Interface

A common PLC application is the speed control of AC motors with variable speed (VS) drives. The diagram in Figure 1 shows an operator station used to manually control a VS drive.

The programmable controller implementation of this station will provide automatic motor speed control through an analog interface by varying the analog output voltage (0 to 10 VDC) to the drive.

The operator station consists of:

  1. a speed potentiometer (speed regulator),
  2. a forward/reverse direction selector,
  3. a run/jog switch, and
  4. start and stop push buttons.

The PLC program will contain all of these inputs except the potentiometer, which will be replaced by an analog output.

The required input field devices (i.e., start push button, stop push button, jog/run, and forward/ reverse) will be added to the application and connected to input modules, rather than using the operator station’s components.

The PLC program will contain the logic to start, stop, and interlock the forward/reverse commands.
Operator station for a variable speed drive

Figure 1 - Operator station for a variable speed drive


Table 1 shows the I/O address assignment table for this example, while Figure 2 illustrates the connection diagram from the PLC to the VS drive’s terminal block (TB-1). The connection uses a contact output interface to switch the forward/reverse signal, since the common must be switched.

To activate the drive, terminal TB-1-6 must receive 115 VAC to turn ON the internal relay CR1. The drive terminal block TB-1-8 supplies power to the PLC’s L1 connection to turn the drive ON. The output of the module (CR1) is connected to terminal TB-1-6. The drive’s 115 VAC signal is used to control the motor speed so that the signal is in the same circuit as the drive, avoiding the possibility of having different commons (L2) in the drive (the start/stop common is not the same as the controller’s common).

In this configuration, the motor’s overload contacts are wired to terminals TB-1-9 and TB-1-10, which are the drive’s power (L1) connection and the output interface’s L1 connection. If an overload occurs, the drive will turn OFF because the drive’s CR1 contact will not receive power from the output module.

This configuration, however, does not provide low-voltage protection, since the drive and motor will start immediately after the overloads cool off and reclose.

To have low-voltage protection, the auxiliary contact from the drive, CR1 in terminal TB-1-7, must be used as an input in the PLC, so that it seals the start/stop circuit.


I/O address assignment

Table 1 - I/O address assignment


Connection diagram from the PLC to the VS drive’s terminal block.

Figure 2 - Connection diagram from the PLC to the VS drive’s terminal block.

Figure 3 shows the PLC ladder program that will replace the manual operator station. The forward and reverse inputs are interlocked, so only one of them can be ON at any given time (i.e., they are mutually exclusive).

If the jog setting is selected, the motor will run at the speed set by the analog output when the start push button is depressed. The analog output connection simply allows the output to be enabled when the drive starts. Register 4000 holds the value in counts for the analog output to the drive. Internal 1000, which is used in the block transfer, indicates the completion of the instruction.

Sometimes, a VS drive requires the ability to run under automatic or manual control (AUTO/MAN). Several additional hardwired connections must be made to implement this dual control.


PLC implementation of the VS drive

Figure 3 - PLC implementation of the VS drive


The simplest and least expensive way to do this is with a selector switch (e.g., a four-pole, single-throw, single-break selector switch). With this switch, the user can select either the automatic or manual option. Figure 4 illustrates this connection.

Note that the start, stop, run/jog, potentiometer, and forward/reverse field devices shown are from the operator station. These devices are connected to the PLC interface under the same names that are used in the control program (refer to Figure 3).

If the AUTO/MAN switch is set to automatic, the PLC will control the drive; if the switch is set to manual, the manual station will control the drive.

VS drive with AUTO/MAN capability

Figure 4 - VS drive with AUTO/MAN capability


Resource: Introduction-to-PLC-Programming – www.globalautomation.info


author-pic

Edvard - Electrical engineer, programmer and founder of EEP. Highly specialized for design of LV high power busbar trunking (<6300A) in power substations, buildings and industry fascilities. Designing of LV/MV switchgears. Professional in AutoCAD programming and web-design. Present on Google+.



8 Comments


  1. LALO EL HIPPIE
    Jul 22, 2014

    EXCELENTE DOCUMENTO PARA UN INICIO DE DESARROLLO DE SOLUCIONES INTEGRANDO PLCs Y VARIADORES DE FRECUENCIA. YO TRABAJO CON MITSUBISHI UTLIZANDO GX WORKS 2 PARA PROGRAMACION, ESTE TIENE INSTRUCCIONES DEDICADAS PARA VARIADORES IGUAL QUE TODOS LOS SOFTWARES DE ULTIMA GENERACIONES LOS CUALES TIENEN UN GRAN VALOR AGREGADO ADEMAS DE CUMPLIR LA NORMA DE SOFTWRAES DE PLC.GRACIAS.

  2. […] Figure 2 illustrates the hardwired circuit with the real inputs and outputs circled. The devices that are not circled are implemented inside the PLC through the programming of internal instructions. […]

  3. […] seconds before moving to the next bottle. The program will include start and stop circuits for the outfeed motor and the start of the process. Table 1 shows the I/O address assignment, while Tables 2 and 3 […]


  4. fajar123
    Nov 09, 2013

    How I can download software of PLC??
    I can’t find it..

  5. [...] Hardware/Programming SystemThe five parts of the standard IEC 61131 summarise the requirements of modern PLC systems. These requirements concern the PLC hardware and the programming system.The standard includes both [...]


  6. svinder
    Apr 02, 2013

    Hi Edvard, Thank you for the article, helped me, but I still got a question for you:
    In Figure 3 (ladder diagram it self) a contact “STOP” PB2 001 normally open, shouldn’t it be normally closed?

    Thank you,
    svinder

  7. [...] A common PLC application is the speed control of AC motors with variable speed (VS) drives. The programmable controller implementation of this station  [...]


  8. tarigzroog
    Dec 29, 2012

    thank you

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