Menu
Search
Resistance Measurement of Non-Conductive Walls and Floors
Resistance Measurement of Non-Conductive Walls and Floors (photo credit: geckospecialcoatings.com.au)

Electrically safe area //

There are certain situations where it is desirable for a room to be totally isolated from the Protective Earth conductor (e.g. for conducting special tests in a laboratory etc.). These rooms are regarded as an electrically safe area and the walls and floor should be made of non-conductive materials.

The arrangement of any electrical equipment in those rooms should be of such a manner that:

  • It is not possible for two live conductors , with different potentials , to be touched simultaneously in the case of a basic insulation fault.
  • It is not possible for any combination of active and passive accessible conductive parts to be touched simultaneously.
A protection conductor PE that could drive a dangerous fault voltage down to the ground potential is not allowed in non-conductive rooms. Non-conductive walls and floors protect the operator in case of a basic insulation fault.

The resistance of non-conductive walls and floors shall be measured with an Insulation Resistance tester using the procedure described below. Special measurement electrodes described below are to be used.

Measurement electrode
Figure 1 – Measurement electrode

The measurement is to be carried out between the measurement electrode and the protection conductor PE, which is only accessible outside of the tested non-conductive room. To create a better electrical contact, a wet patch (270 mm × 270 mm) shall be placed between the measurement electrode and the surface under test.

A force of 750N (floor measurement) or 250N (wall measurement) shall be applied to the electrode during the measurement.

The value of test voltage shall be:

  • 500 V – where the nominal mains voltage with respect to ground is lower than 500 V
  • 1000 V – where the nominal mains voltage with respect to ground is higher than 500 V

The value of the measured and corrected test result must be higher than:

  • 50 kW – where the nominal mains voltage with respect to ground is lower than 500V
  • 100 kW – where the nominal mains voltage with respect to ground is higher than 500 V

Two important notes //

  1. It is advisable that the measurement to be carried out using both polarities of test voltage (reversed test terminals) and the average of both results be taken.
  2. Wait until the test result is stabilized before taking the reading.
Resistance of walls and floor measurement using METREL's Eurotest, Instaltest or Earth-Insulationtester
Figure 2 – Resistance of walls and floor measurement using METREL’s Eurotest, Instaltest or Earth-Insulationtester

Reference // Measurements on electric installations in theory and practice – METREL (Download guide)

About Author //

author-pic

Edvard Csanyi

Edvard - Electrical engineer, programmer and founder of EEP. Highly specialized for design of LV high power busbar trunking (<6300A) in power substations, buildings and industry fascilities. Designing of LV/MV switchgears.Professional in AutoCAD programming and web-design.Present on

One Comment


  1. ElectroShaman
    Aug 07, 2015

    Thanks Edvard !
    Very useful for our electrical engineers!

Leave a Comment

Tell us what you're thinking... we care about your opinion!

Time limit is exhausted. Please reload CAPTCHA.

Get PDF