LV/MV/HV Technical Articles
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Despite there being many tests available to evaluate power transformer condition, experience shows that visual inspection is very effective, and sometimes the only way, to detect certain power transformer problems…. Read more
Due to the large increases in planned capital funds for the electrical grid industry, it is vital to monitor and control the substation construction resources expended. This paper provides substation… Read more
This paper looks at the key issues and requirements for Ethernet in the substation environment and for substation automation applications requiring real-time performance. Trends in electric utility automation, specifically substation… Read more
Short-circuit current rating (SCCR) is the maximum short-circuit current a component or assembly can safely withstand when protected by a specific overcurrent protective device(s) or for a specified time. Short-circuit… Read more
In order to ensure best performance and reliability of a control system, an adequate electrical ground network must be installed. Poor or faulty grounds are among the most common causes…...
This manual covers the requirements for the installation of gas insulated switchgear. The manual is based on the following documents: customers contract, approved drawings, latest revision and approved installation processes…...
In order to design the line there are few important elements to define: voltage drop, the load, sizing the cable, ampacity, and cable temperature. The load is based on the…...
Development of Extra High Voltage (EHV) AC transmission started its development since the end of the WW2, with the installation of 345 kV in North America and 400 kV in…...
This paper presents some general procedures for the proper inspection, testing, and start-up of critical, but often overlooked, electrical items in substations and medium voltage switchgear commonly found in petrochemical…...
Becoming the good electrical engineer requires a lot of passion, training and commitment. This comprehensive section is prepared as a resource for individuals and professionals interested in the electrical engineering career path.
In this section you will find very usefull books and guides related to electrical science in general, AC/DC electrical circuits, network protection, electrical installations, lighting etc.Browse
Substation engineers nowdays are involved in projects from design and conceptualization to maintenance. Because of the wide range of industries using electrical engineers, many engineers specialize in some of the sub-discipline of electrical engineering.
Depending on background and expertise, projects can include systems such as energy transmission and distribution, protection and control etc.Browse
This section is dedicated to tools every electrical engineer can use in daily work. These spreadsheets developed by enthusiasts will make your job much more easier, alowing you to shorten the time used for endless calculations of power cables, voltage drop, power factor, circuit breakers, capacitors, cable size, power transformers etc.
Just to mention that all calculation spreadsheets are FREE for download!Browse