Definition of PLC
Programmable Logic Controller
Programmable logic controllers, also called programmable controllers or PLCs, are solid-state members of the computer family, using integrated circuits instead of electromechanical devices to implement control functions.
They are capable of storing instructions, such as sequencing, timing, counting, arithmetic, data manipulation, and communication, to control industrial machines and processes.
Figure 1-1 illustrates a conceptual diagram of a PLC application.
The Conceptual Design Of The PLC
The first programmable controllers were more or less just relay replacers. Their primary function was to perform the sequential operations that were previously implemented with relays. These operations included ON/OFF control of machines and processes that required repetitive operations, such as transfer lines and grinding and boring machines.
Programmable controllers can be considered newcomers when they are compared to their elder predecessors in traditional control equipment technology, such as old hardwired relay systems, analog instrumentation, and other types of early solid-state logic.
Although PLC functions, such as speed of operation, types of interfaces, and data processing capabilities, have improved throughout the years, their specifications still hold to the designers’ original intentions – they are simple to use and maintain.
|Title:||PLC – Theory and Implementation – L.A. Bryan; E.A. Bryan|
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