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Design Considerations

The general purpose of earthing system is to protect life and property in the event of 50/60 Hz faults (short-circuit) and transient phenomena (lightning, switching operations). The question of how a system shall be earthed is governed by the regulation.

Practical guide to electrical grounding systems and applications
Practical guide to electrical grounding systems and applications

The choice of earthing to one point on each system is designed to prevent the passage of current through the earth under normal conditions, and thus to avoid the accompanying risks of electrolysis and interference with communication circuits.

Earthing may not give protection against faults which are not essentially earth faults (i.e.: when a phase conductor on an overhead-line breaks).

The earthing of an electrical system depends on several criteria:

  1. Location within power generation center
  2. Networks
  3. Regulations.

Several methods exist for system earthing which can be divided into:

  1. Insulated
  2. Solid earthing
  3. Impedance earthing

The protection scheme depends on earthing methods.

Criteria To Choose The Earthing Method

Voltage Level

The insulation level of material (transformer, generator, etc.) must be in accordance with the induced over voltage at the time of short circuit.

Insulation Coordination

The earth fault current will induce locally an over voltage which must be compatible with the insulation of low and medium voltage components, to ensure the continuity of supply.

Limitation Of Fault Current

To reduce the electrodynamics stresses on material, to limit the induced voltage on telecommunications lines and over-voltage on LV components.

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Grounding Systems
Grounding Systems

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One Comment

  1. arthur chikonobaya
    Jul 29, 2018

    Great stuff

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