MV/LV transformer substations
The subject of this Technical Guide is MV/LV transformer substations. In accordance with the reference standard, the discussion will be limited to substations with installed power limited to 2000 kVA or two 1000 kVA MV/LV transformers.
The purpose of this guide is to give an overview of the guidelines and requirements specified by current regulations for the design and construction of substations in order to guide the designer and the user to the correct system choices.
The document will only touch on a few topics such as the thee sizing of the earthing system and the building aspects, for further details on which you are referred to the specific regulations. Lastly, the document does not deal with issues related to active users, in other words those that produce alternating current electricity with parallel operation (even temporary) with the network.
Structure of the substation
These substations are for the most part located in the in the actual premises of the establishment that they supply and basically consist of three distinct room, of which the first two are available to the Distributor:
Distributor room (D)
Where the switching devices of the Distributor are installed. This room must be large enough to allow for possible construction of the incoming-outgoing system that the Distributor is entitled to implement, even at a later stage to satisfy new requirements.
Metering room (M)
Where the metering equipment is located. Both of these rooms must be accessible from a public road, to allow maintenance by authorized personnel regardless of whether the User is present.
User room (U)
Intended to contain the MV and LV switchgear and protection devices of the User. This room must normally be adjacent to the other two rooms.
|Title:||Guidelines to MV/LV transformer substations for passive users – ABB|
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