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Substation Design Guidelines
Substation Design Guidelines (photo credit: fullcabinet.com)

Consider open loop MV network as an example

The rating of substation equipment as well as the connections must be decided.

Detail design of substation
Detail design of substation

Selection of substation equipment

Switchgear

  1. Selection of transformers
  2. Ratings of circuit breakers
  3. Ratings of switch disconnecters (Load-break switches)
  4. Ratings of isolators (Disconnecters)

Measurement

  1. Characteristics of voltage transformers (VTs)
  2. Characteristics of current transformers (CTs)

Selection of Transformers

  1. Transformer size/s must be selected according to the maximum expected load and possibility of future expansions.
  2. The size of transformer may be selected from power ratings given below to supply present and future loads.

Commonly available ratings for substation transformers

Rated powers:

25 kVA, 50 kVA, 100 kVA, 250 kVA, 400 kVA, 630 kVA, 800 kVA, 1000 kVA, 1250 kVA, 1600 kVA, 2000 kVA

Primary voltages (line-to-line):

6 kV, 7.2 kV, 10 kV, 12 kV, 22 kV, 24 kV, 31.5 kV, 33 kV, 34.5 kV, 35 kV, 36 kV

Secondary voltages (line-to-line): 380 V, 400 V


Example:

Substation Design

Consider that you would like to choose a transformer to supply power to a factory which requires maximum of 270 kVA of power at 400 V on the LV side and no expension is considered for near future.

The power will be provided by connecting the factory to 33 kV MV voltage level. Choose the transformer.

Solution:

Powers:

25 kVA, 50 kVA, 100 kVA, 250 kVA, 400 kVA, 630 kVA, 800 kVA, 1000 kVA, 1250 kVA, 1600 kVA, 2000 kVA

Primary Voltages (line-to-line): 6 kV, 7.2 kV, 10 kV, 12 kV, 22 kV, 24 kV, 31.5 kV, 33 kV, 34.5 kV, 35 kV, 36 kV

Secondary Voltages (line-to-line): 380 V, 400 V

Selected transformer size for the factory:

400 kVA, 33 kV/400 V

Title:Substation Design Guideliness – Schneider Electric
Format:PDF
Size:1.78 MB
Pages:40
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Substation Design Guideliness
Substation Design Guideliness

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6 Comments


  1. ELISIO JANEIRO
    Sep 09, 2020

    I like so.much this site.


  2. Louis.Low
    Dec 31, 2018

    That’s really comprehensive


  3. Leninkumar
    Nov 01, 2018

    Can you please share the detailed specification of double pole structure substation?


  4. Herman makaya
    Nov 09, 2017

    I need to purchase an electrical substation isolated in 24 kV with a tfo intention 20/6,6/0,4 kV 500 kva 3 cellules MT + cellule of counting MT .side BT: TGBT with DGBT 800 .Disjonctor BT adjustable :160 to 250 A


  5. Subodha Ranaweera
    Jan 13, 2015

    Can i have the design details of closed ring operated MV network?


  6. ADOLFO PONCE DE LEON PE
    Jul 05, 2014

    SWBD APPEARS TO BE INDOOR. TRNS CAN NOT BE OIL OR AN EXPENSIVE VAULT WILL BE REQUIRED IF IS LOAD CENTER THE TFRM WILL HAVE TO BE DRY, DIFFERENT TYPES,. ASSUMED THE SYSTEM FREQUENCY IS 50 HERTZ. IF DRAW OUT BREAKERS
    ASSUMED NOT POWER BREAKERS, PROBABLY INSULATED CASE. A DECISION WILL HAVE TO BE MADE FOR THE CLEARANCE IN FRONT OF THE SWITCHBOARDS. INDICATE UNITS, METRIC, OR ENGLISH TO ESTABLISH IF THE COUNTRY HAVE AN ELECTRICAL CODE.I ILL STOP HEAR.
    THANKS AND REGARDS

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