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# Reactance

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### Formulas

Inductive Reactance
The inductive reactance XL of an inductance L at angular frequency w and frequency f is:
XL = wL = 2pfL

For a sinusoidal current i of amplitude I and angular frequency w:
i = I sinwt
If sinusoidal current i is passed through an inductance L, the voltage e across the inductance is:
e = L di/dt = wLI coswt = XLI coswt

The current through an inductance lags the voltage across it by 90°.

Capacitive Reactance
The capacitive reactance XC of a capacitance C at angular frequency w and frequency f is:
XC = 1 / wC = 1 / 2pfC

For a sinusoidal voltage v of amplitude V and angular frequency w:
v = V sinwt
If sinusoidal voltage v is applied across a capacitance C, the current i through the capacitance is:
i = C dv/dt = wCV coswt = V coswt / XC

The current through a capacitance leads the voltage across it by 90°.

 NOTATION The symbol font is used for some notation and formulae. If the Greek symbols for alpha beta delta do not appear here [ a b d ] the symbol font needs to be installed for correct display of notation and formulae. B C E f G h I j L P Q susceptance capacitance voltage source frequency conductance h-operator current j-operator inductance active power reactive power [siemens, S] [farads, F] [volts, V] [hertz, Hz] [siemens, S] [1Ð120°] [amps, A] [1Ð90°] [henrys, H] [watts, W] [VAreactive, VArs] Q R S t V W X Y Z f w quality factor resistance apparent power time voltage drop energy reactance admittance impedance phase angle angular frequency [number] [ohms, W] [volt-amps, VA] [seconds, s] [volts, V] [joules, J] [ohms, W] [siemens, S] [ohms, W] [degrees, °] [rad/sec]