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The installations wherein CTs and VTs are mounted to measure the normal and abnormal values of current and voltage, have many variations in key system parameters, including voltage class, insulation… Read more
Feb 18, 2019 | Power Substation
Capacitor banks generally require very little maintenance because they are static type of equipment, but don’t be fooled by this statement. Capacitors are well known for their dangerous reaction when… Read more
Feb 13, 2019 | High Voltage
The power analysis must be always the at the very top of your tasks in design of an electrical installation. It will enable the source(s) to be sized according to… Read more
Feb 11, 2019 | Energy and Power
A three-phase service can be supplied by one three-phase transformer unit or by interconnecting three single-phase transformer units. One three-phase unit is smaller than an equivalent size bank consisting of…...
Feb 08, 2019 | Premium Content ♛
It is not easy to read the IEC 61850 documents or to comprehend how the pieces all work together. When implementing systems as complex and as new as substation automation,… Read more
Feb 06, 2019 | Power Substation
To explain in very simple words, I would say that SCADA is a bunch of equipment that provides an operator at a remote location with sufficient information to determine the… Read more
Feb 04, 2019 | Industrial Automation
Short-term exposures to electric fields produced by AC transmission lines and stations can be pretty serious and may be classified according to the type of effect causing a sensation in… Read more
Jan 30, 2019 | Safety
A transformer-feeder include a transformer directly connected to a transmission line circuit without the intermediation of a HV switchgear. The saving in HV switchgear so achieved is unfortunately lowered by… Read more
Jan 28, 2019 | Protection
In order to calculate short-circuit currents, it is obligatory to know conductor-specific equivalent data and impedances of electrical operational equipment, which are usually given by the respective manufacturer. The calculation…...
Jan 25, 2019 | Electrical Lectures ♛
Series capacitors are connected in series in the circuit and therefore carry the full transmission line current. The series capacitor is actually a negative reactance in series with a transmission… Read more
Jan 23, 2019 | Power Quality
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