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Technical Articles

Energy and Power

Smart Grids and The New Age of Energy

Network planning Power electronics (HVDC/FACTS) Bulk renewable integration Energy Management System (EMS) Smart substation automation and protection Integrated Substation Condition Monitoring (ISCM) Communication Solutions Distribution Management System (DMS) Distribution automation… Read more

Apr 24, 2013 | By Emmanouil Angeladas

Smart Grids and The New Age of Energy
High Voltage

Conductor Types Used For Overhead Lines

The international standards covering most conductor types for overhead lines are IEC 61089 (which supersedes IEC 207, 208, 209 and 210) and EN 50182 and 50183 (see Table 1). For… Read more

Apr 20, 2013 | By Edvard

Conductor Types Used For Overhead Lines
Energy and Power

Using AC switchgear in DC applications

Switchgear designed for alternating current can carry at least the same rated continuous operational DC current. With direct current the skin effect in the circuits disappears and none of the… Read more

Apr 19, 2013 | By Edvard

Using AC switchgear in DC applications
Lighting

Visual Tasks of Typical Living Room Lighting

Most living rooms require flexible lighting design solutions because they serve a broad variety of changing functions. The lighting in a typical living room should comfortably serve small group conversation,… Read more

Apr 17, 2013 | By Edvard

Visual Tasks of Typical Living Room Lighting
Energy and Power

Grounding systems and their 3-letter classification

Low voltage systems supplying to consumer premises are predominantly solidly grounded. Protective ground connection to consumer premises (or extending the supply system ground to consumer premises) is however done in different… Read more

Apr 12, 2013 | By Edvard

Grounding systems and their 3-letter classification
SCADA

Responding to Cyber Intrusion in SCADA System

Continued from technical article: Detecting Cyber Intrusion in SCADA System The “three R’s” of the response to cyber intrusion are: Recording, Reporting, and Restoring. Theoretically, it would be desirable to… Read more

Apr 08, 2013 | By Edvard

Responding to Cyber Intrusion in SCADA System
Energy and Power

Detecting Cyber Intrusion in SCADA System

One of the axioms of cyber security is that although it is extremely important to try to prevent intrusions into one’s systems and databases, it is essential that intrusions be… Read more

Apr 06, 2013 | By Edvard

Detecting Cyber Intrusion in SCADA System
Industrial Automation

Benefits and Potential Drawbacks of VSDs

VSDs (Variable Speed Drives) offer several benefits, some of which are relatively easy to quantify, and others of which are less tangible, but there are some potential drawbacks, which must… Read more

Apr 03, 2013 | By Edvard

Benefits and Potential Drawbacks of VSDs
Power Substation

Active fire protection measures in power substation

Active fire protection measures are automatic fire protection measures that warn occupants of the existence of fire, and extinguish or control the fire. These measures are designed to automatically extinguish… Read more

Apr 01, 2013 | By Edvard

Active fire protection measures in power substation
Wind Power

Wind Energy End-Use Applications

Wind energy markets can be classified based on the end-use application of the technology. Wind energy projects are common for off-grid applications. However, the largest market potential for wind energy… Read more

Mar 30, 2013 | By Edvard

Wind Energy End-Use Applications


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