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Design calculations

Design calculations establish minimum guidelines and requirements for generating electrical calculations on projects. Electrical calculations should be made for all projects that include electrical components and should be filed in the project notebook.

Electrical Design Calculations Needed For Projects
Electrical Design Calculations Needed For Projects

Design calculations may be made either manually or by computer programs. At a minimum, the following types of calculations should be made where applicable:

  1. Load calculations
  2. Conductor sizing
  3. Conduit sizing
  4. Motor branch circuit sizing
  5. Power factor improvement
  6. Transformer primary and secondary circuit sizing
  7. Voltage drop
  8. Motor starting voltage dip
  9. Short circuit analysis
  10. Lighting levels
  11. Grounding in substations (where step potentials are of concern)
  12. Harmonic distortion analysis
  13. Cable pulling calculations
  14. Generator capability/motor starting.

Load

Load calculations should be made using applicable sections of NEC Articles 220, 430, and other sections of the NEC.

The following load calculations should generally be used for sizing:

  1. Feeder conductors and protective devices
  2. Transformers
  3. Panelboard and switchboard main busses
  4. Motor control center components
  5. Service entrance devices and conductors
Load calculations must include all loads. They should be made by summing all of the loads (using appropriate diversity factors allowed by NEC Article 220) that are connected to each panelboard, switchboard, and motor control center.

An allowance must be made for future load growth. The loads for each branch of the distribution system can then be summed back to the service entrance equipment.


Generator Sizing

The following information is intended to familiarize the design engineer with terms used by generator sizing software and underlying formulas.

Generator single or multi-sets must be sized to supply maximum starting (SkVA), stead-state running (RkVA) and non-linear (GkW) demands of connected and future electrical equipment.

Information critical to the sizing and selection of generator single or multi-sets include:

  1. Environmental conditions: elevation, temperature, indoor or outdoor
  2. Noise abatement requirements: mufflers, enclosure, silent models
  3. Fuel: diesel, gasoline, natural gas
  4. Fuel storage: skid mounted tank, day and remote tanks
  5. Cooling: liquid cooled radiator, forced air
  6. Voltage regulation: maximum allowable voltage dips
  7. Operation: prime, standby
  8. Voltage ratings: voltage, 3-phase, 1-phase, solid grounded, delta, wye
  9. Connected loads: Linear, non-linear, power factor
  10. Load operation: Motor starting methods, single step, single step with diversity, multiple steps of loading
  11. Future loads

Sizing Procedures for Generator Single or Multi-sets

The following is the sizing procedure for generator single or multi-sets:

  1. Prepare a load schedule.
  2. Enter individual load characteristics in software.
  3. Enter loads in step sequence in software.
  4. Have software calculate and select a generator set.

It is a good practice to request a verifying calculation from the preferred genset manufacturer.

Title:Electrical Design Calculations Needed For Projects – Seattle Public Utilities
Format:PDF
Size:460 KB
Pages:34
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Electrical Design Calculations Needed For Projects

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11 Comments


  1. Sintayehu
    Jul 12, 2021

    thanks


  2. Ahmed
    Jul 12, 2021

    THANK YOU
    Really a good reference to review or check .. in need.


  3. Shaikh Omer Ahmed
    Jul 11, 2021

    Thanks


  4. Luis Marcelo Urrutia Serrano
    Jul 11, 2021

    Gracias. si esta buenissimo


  5. NAGENDRA MATHUR
    May 06, 2021

    Thanks ! Great Help in our day to day work
    Regards


  6. PEDRO C. RIVAS
    May 05, 2021

    Muchas gracias por tan valiosa infomacion me gustaria que me ayuden con el calculos de tendidos de lineas y tablero de distribucion para 500KVA MUCHAS GRACIAS.. Atte. PEDRO


  7. Abdullahi ismail isah
    Apr 03, 2021

    Thanks


  8. Gizat teshager
    Nov 24, 2020

    I wante to share your fundametal knowlage of eletrical design


    • TWAGIRIMANA AUGUSTIN
      Dec 07, 2020

      THANK YOU VERY MUCH, HELP ME ABOUT EXAMPLE ELECTRICAL DESIGN CALCULATIONS.YOU CAN USE MY EMAIL ADDRESS: [email protected]


  9. Edgar Esparragoza
    Jul 07, 2020

    I suggest making the audio of all your excellent articles, it permits for no English spoken to familiarized with the electrical sound and vocabulary. Thanks for the excellent work


  10. Abdalrahman
    Jun 07, 2020

    I think Good subject

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