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Home / Technical Articles / DC versus AC power transmission with reference to bulk-energy transfer

Transmission considerations

High voltage transmission systems has a dual purpose, i.e. system interconnection and bulk-energy transfer. With reference to system interconnection, the need to operate the whole system in perfect synchronism often prevents the transfer of power by alternating current.

DC versus AC power transmission with reference to bulk-energy transfer
DC versus AC power transmission with reference to bulk-energy transfer (on left: Flexible AC transmission systems (FACTS) to the Quwayyah substation with Static VAr Compensator (SVC) (-50/+170MVAr 132kV) with the associated capacitors and air-core reactors for the substation;on right: Valve hall of the Fengxian UHVDC converter station belonging to Xiangjiaba. Shanghai 800 kV UHVDC)

The reasons are following:

Reason #1

The economic power ratings of such interconnections are often small in relation to the installed capacity of the systems to be interconnected. In such cases an AC tie line may not be able to cope with the power flow and stability control problems.

An alternative DC interconnection provides a fast and flexible power flow control, regardless of the conditions in the AC systems, and can provide stability improvement for the two interconnected systems.

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Edvard Csanyi

Electrical engineer, programmer and founder of EEP. Highly specialized for design of LV/MV switchgears and LV high power busbar trunking (<6300A) in power substations, commercial buildings and industry facilities. Professional in AutoCAD programming.

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